Testing valve springs

Valve springs can lose a lot of their strength over the years, as seen with this R25/3 valve spring: a new spring measures 16.6 kg, the old spring 10.1 kg, almost 40% lower. Lower spring tension usually causes no or minor problems on low revving engines, but it can lead to loss of power / misfiring on higher revving engines as a result of valve float                 The test device:  

Pistons aren’t round

An article that explains why pistons aren’t round. Click on piston to open it:

Valve seat inserts (Dura-Bond)

Recommended press fitting for valve seat inserts in aluminum cylinder heads: OD insert 30 – 40 mm: 0.15 mm / 0.0059″ OD insert 40 – 50 mm: 0.18 mm / 0.0071″   Spindle speed for cutting a seat pocket in aluminum cylinder heads: 400 – 600 rpm It’s recommended NOT to freeze (f.i. with liquid nitrogen) the sintered valve seat inserts before installation. The valve seats are to be pressed in with a flat and square seat driver tool. The valve seat is inserted with the radius side down.   Source: DuraBond

Installing atomizer in Bing Carburetor

By Richard Sheckler, Wayne, Ohio A tool that can be used to accurately and squarely install and press fit the atomizer in place without damage. The replacement part has a different size knurling than the original, and therefore has sufficient resistance to remain in place for a long time.    

Puller spindles and lubricants

All Matra tools with spindles such as M355, M499 / 1/2, M422a, M501 and M282 work much better (more smoothly) if a small amount of lubricant (eg Molykote G-n Metal Assembly Paste) is applied to the thread. This prevents galling of the thread under heavy load and reduces, to a certain extent, unwanted rotation of the other part of the tool.

Rim width

The width of rims can be measured in 2 different ways: the inside or the outside. This means that one and the same rim can be indicated both in (for example) 2.15 “and 3.00”    

Leaking carburetor screw caps

When the screw caps on the underside of the carburetor keep leaking (after having installed new gasket rings), then the probable cause is the condition of the seat of the carburetor gasket. If you look closely, you will probably notice that the surface is rough, damaged or scratched. The solution is NOT to further tighten the screw cap: the gasket ring is not flexible enough to fill these small damages. The seats of the gasket rings can be machined, but if the damages are not too deep they can be removed by sanding the seat with a very fine grit
Read more »

Crankcase surface repair

By Michel Loos, The Netherlands The photos are self-explanatory. Steps:  filing  – sanding – pneumatic hammer – aluminum oxide blasting (Edelkorund) – glass bead blasting  

Instructions for Cylinder black (Einbrennlack)

Cylinder black with part nr. 09122 For temperatures up to 500 °C continuous use and up to 700 °C with impact load 200 ml is sufficient for 2 to 3 large cylinders. Ideal for spraying and painting engine cylinders, exhaust systems and other metal objects subject to high heat. Classic cylinder lacquer is initially thermoplastic; in other words although it is air-drying, it becomes sticky even with moderate heat, expands and hardens again when it cools down. This process is repeated as long as the polymerization temperature is not reached. The lacquer must be heated at least once to 150-180 °C to finally cure. After
Read more »

BING jets

BING jets are stamped with numbers, such as 35, 40 (idle jets) and 110, 115, 120 etc (main jets). One would expect that these numbers refer to the diameter of the jet bore, however this is not the case. This is confimed by the company BING in Germany. A few examples of main jets measured with a wire / jet gauge: BING 44-051 main jet 130 = gauge 120 (= 1.2 mm) main jet 125 = gauge 110 (= 1.1 mm) main jet 120 = gauge 105 (= 1.05 mm) main jet 110 = gauge 95 (=0.95 mm)            
Read more »

Carburetor flanges

The Bing carburetors used on the R51/3 to R69S models came with 3 different flanges. We sometimes get the question: can I put carburetor X on BMW model Y? In theory you can put an R51/3 carburetor on a R69 engine and even get the engine running, but you will quickly discover that the air pipes won’t fit. These images are self explanatory

Carburetor reconditioning

With hardly any new carburetors being produced by BING for the < 1969 BMW mono and twin motorcycles, it’s getting increasingly important to be able to repair and recondition the used original carburetors. Luckily, special parts and tools are available nowadays to restore the carburetors to a good working condition. A. Idle mix screw: very often, the M7 x 0.75 mm screw thread in the carburetor housing is worn out. There are 2 good solutions to this problem. 1. drill the threaded hole to 7.2 mm – cut M8 x 0.75 mm screw thread – install the idle mix screw with
Read more »

Installation of piston rings (KS)

By MS Motor Service (Kolbenschmidt) Click here to open as PDF: KS Installation of piston rings

Bearing prefix & suffix codes

Some of the prefixes and suffixes found on bearings in the webshop: Prefixes: NJ = these bearings have two integral flanges on the outer ring and one on the inner ring. These bearings are used to locate the shaft axially in one direction. They can accommodate axial displacement of the shaft relative to the housing in one direction only. Example: NJ204 bearing on the rear side of the gearbox input shaft (R51/2 – R68) Suffixes: ECP = bearing with polyamide plastic cage M = brass cage MA = brass cage, outer ring centred C2 = bearing with internal clearance smaller than normal
Read more »

Carburetors

Overview of carburetor nr’s and settings  

Reading spark plug faces (Bosch)

A visual inspection of the spark plugs can serve as a good indicator of the condition and tuning of the engine. This Bosch sheet may help to identify the possible cause in case of trouble. (click to enlarge)

Spark plug tech tips (Bosch)

Guidelines for correct installation of (Bosch) spark plugs  

Overhaul of a 2-cylinder crankshaft

The photos are a compilation of the work done on different crankshafts: R67/2, R60/2 and R69S.